John L. Handcox (1904–1992) was a Great Depression-era tenant farmer and union advocate from Arkansas renowned for his politically charged songs and poetry. Handcox is noted for playing a "vital role in bettering the lives of sharecroppers and energizing labor union organizers and members. Despite his brief career, many of his songs were so popular that they became standard folk songs themselves, and continue to be sung today.
In November 2013 Michael Honey, a professor at the University of Washington Tacoma published a biography of Handcox's life, titled Sharecropper's Troubador: John L. Handcox, the Southern Tenant Farmer's Union, and the African American Song Tradition. Honey was introduced to Handcox by Pete Seeger in 1985 and he recorded and interviewed him at the Library of Congress that same year.